Heavy solid waste sinks to the bottom when wastewater enters the Septic Tank Armadale and lighter materials like soap scum float to the top. Bacteria naturally break down organic matter anaerobically.
Compartments and a T-shaped outlet prevent sludge and scum from leaving the septic tank into the drain field. Liquid wastewater (effluent) then exits the tank.
A septic tank collects household wastewater from toilets (called blackwater) and showers, bathtubs, sinks, and laundry rooms (grey water). Wastewater goes into the septic tank through a main drainage pipe. It remains in the tank for a day, allowing solids and liquids to separate. Then, microorganisms break down the organic materials in the tank. The resulting liquid, called effluent, floats to the top. Fats, oils, and greases sink to the bottom to form sludge. The liquid layer exits the septic tank and enters a soil absorption system for further treatment.
Unlike sewer systems, which are usually the responsibility of local governments and utilities, septic systems are generally homeowners’ responsibility. That’s why ensuring the tank is pumped and maintained regularly is important. A well-operating septic system can protect property values and provide healthy living for a homeowner’s family over an extended period.
Septic tanks come in a variety of shapes and sizes. They are made of precast concrete, fiberglass, or plastic and may have one, two, or more chambers. They are typically located underground near the house and connected to a drainage field. Pipes carry wastewater from the house into the tank, surrounded by gravel and covered with grass.
The tank holds the sewage until it is emptied. A pump removes the sewage and discharges it into the drain field. As it flows through the soil, wastewater is treated by filtration and absorption by the gravel and grass. Natural bacteria and other microorganisms also treat the water.
When the septic tank fills up, it’s critical to pump it immediately. An overflowing septic tank is an environmental and health risk, and it can lead to sewage backup into the home and surrounding yard.
A full septic tank can also damage the absorption field, causing it to malfunction or even fail. Keeping the tank clean and having it pumped at regular intervals can prevent problems and extend the life of the tank and drainage field. Other maintenance includes avoiding the disposal of hazardous chemicals, such as paints, varnishes, thinners, waste oil, and photographic solutions, into the system.
A septic tank is an underground container that holds sewage waste until it can be removed from the home by a pump. A licensed professional can help you choose the right tank for your household and install it correctly. They will consider several factors, such as the size of your household and the number of people who use the septic system daily. You also need to consider the tank’s location and the type of soil it’s in. Have a professional conduct a land survey to ensure the tank site is on your property before installation begins.
The septic tank’s interior walls are constructed of a durable, corrosion-resistant material like concrete or fiberglass. The inside corners are rounded, and the cement mix uses waterproofing agents. The tank floor is supported by an RC slab at least 2 meters above the ground. Circular maintenance holes with a clear diameter of 500mm are arranged at the inlet and outlet.
During decantation and sedimentation, the separated effluent flows into a second chamber. Here, bacterial action begins to break down the solids and other contaminants. The clear liquid wastewater exits into the drain field through perforated pipes laid in porous gravel. The drain field is designed to absorb the liquid as it percolates through the soil and reaches groundwater.
To keep your septic tank working properly, you must pump it regularly. A professional can recommend a pumping schedule based on the size of your tank and the amount of wastewater it processes daily. Having the tank pumped prevents sludge from building up and slowing down the bacterial process. The tank should also be inspected periodically by a professional who can identify any issues and perform necessary repairs.
It would be best to avoid DIY septic tank installations and replacements, which can seriously affect your health and the environment. Instead, talk to multiple local installers for estimates based on your specific needs and budget. This will give you an idea of the different materials, sizes, and styles available to meet your household’s unique needs.
Your septic tank has the task of receiving, treating, and partially dispersing wastewater from your home. Solid waste settles to the bottom and is decomposed by microorganisms. Liquid waste, called scum, floats to the top. The middle layer, called effluent, exits the tank through an outlet valve and is released into an absorption field where natural soil treats it further.
Wastewater from your toilets (blackwater) and the sink, bathtub, shower, washing machine, and dishwasher (greywater) run through a drainage pipe to your septic tank. The underground septic tank has an outlet valve, venting pipes, a ground-level riser, and a cover. The tank must be watertight.
If the septic tank is too full, it may overflow into your home or yard. You’ll also notice a strong sewage smell. It’s important to have the septic tank pumped regularly. Pumping removes the sludge that builds up and slows down bacterial action. It would be best to pump the septic tank every three to five years.
A clogged or broken vent or a malfunctioning baffle will cause the septic tank to overflow into the house. This can damage the septic tank, plumbing, and sewer lines, leading to a messy cleanup and expensive repair bill.
If you’re purchasing a new home, it’s wise to ask for documentation of the previous septic tank maintenance schedule. A professional should be able to estimate how often your tank will need to be pumped.
Your septic system must be properly maintained to protect your family, pets, and neighbors. Only flush septic-safe items like paper, toilet tissue, and food waste into your system. Avoid non-septic safe items like wipes, grease, pet poop, and other things that don’t break down in the system, which can clog your drain lines and septic tank.
Keeping the tank, baffles, vents, and drain field free of obstructions is critical to maintaining your septic system. If the tank, pipes, or absorption field becomes oversaturated with water, it can cause pathogens to leak into shallow groundwater or surface waters. This can be very dangerous to human and animal health.
Replacing a septic tank depends on several factors, including the materials it is made from and installation costs. For example, a plastic septic tank is typically cheaper than one constructed of concrete. However, the concrete tank generally is more durable and lasts longer. The condition of nearby soil is also a factor, as it will affect how deep the tank needs to be dug and how the piping is laid out.
If you have a septic system, scheduling routine maintenance for your tank and drain field is important. This will ensure that they function properly and prevent sewage backups. Having the septic system checked before you put your home on the market is also a good idea so prospective buyers can be sure it works correctly.
There are many signs that your septic tank is starting to fail, such as slow drains or sewage odors. Some signs may indicate that the septic tank is full, but they can also be caused by a clog in a line or damage to the septic system. If you notice any of these problems, call your local plumber immediately to schedule a repair or replacement.
Having a septic tank that is properly sized for your household is essential to preventing waste from overflowing. The tank size will be based on the number of people living in your house and how much water is used daily. A septic system should never be overloaded, or it will not work as intended.
Regular septic tank pumping is also important to a healthy septic system. It would be best to have your septic tank pumped every three to five years, depending on your household size and how much wastewater you use.
Hire a professional installer if you need a septic tank installed or replaced. These professionals have the experience and expertise to establish a safe, effective septic tank system for your home. They can also assist you with routine maintenance or repairs your septic system might need. Check out the septic system installer’s credentials before hiring them, and always get an estimate for the project.